Probation - 
              The release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behavior under supervision. It is a process of testing or observing the character or abilities of offenders.

Parole -  

             Parole is the early release of a prisoner who agrees to abide by certain conditions.

Difference between Probation and Parole 

Though Parole and probation are based on the principle of individualization of treatment of offenders,  they are different many points as noted below - 



A conditional release of an offender under supervision is applied to an offender before custodial sentence and it is known as 'probation'.

If it is applied to an offender who has just been released from custodian sentence then it is known as 'Parole'


The system of probation owes its origin to John Augustus of Boston, who tried to convince the Judge to commit to his care rather than jail and has been in existence since 1841.

On the other hand, the parole came into existence much later somewhere around 1900


Probation does not involve an initial committal of the offender to a certain period of sentence or imposed, it is not executed.

Parole involves an initial committal of the offender to a certain period of sentence and conditional release subsequently after serving part of the sentence


Probation is considered as if undergoing treatment.

On the other hand Parole is considered to be in custody undergoing both punishment and treatment.

Probation is a judicial function

On the other hand, parole is essential quasi-judicial in nature


Probation is the first stage of the correctional scheme

While the parole is the last stage of it.


There is no stigma or disqualification attached to the offender who is released on probation

On the other hand, the prisoner released on parole suffers stigmatization as a convicted criminal in society.

See Also...

Preventative Action of the Police (Section 149 to Section 153 of the Code of Criminal Procedure)

Classification of offense (Criminal Procedure Code 1973)

6 Ways or Processes to Compel a person to Appear in the Court.


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