1) Application of the Chapter


Section 265A of the Code of Criminal Procedure provides -

     (1) This Chapter shall apply in respect of an accused against whom -

          (a) the report has been forwarded by the officer in charge of the police station under section 173 alleging therein that an offense appears to have been committed by him other than an offense for which the punishment of death or of imprisonment for life or of imprisonment for a term exceeding seven years has been provided under the law for the time being in force; or

          (b) a Magistrate has taken cognizance of an offense on complaint, other than an offense for which the punishment of death or of imprisonment for life or of imprisonment for a term exceeding seven years, has been provided under the law for the time being in force, and after examining complainant and witnesses under section 200, issued the process under section 204,
but does not apply where such offense affects the socio-economic condition of the country or has been committed against a woman, or a child below the age of fourteen years.

     (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Central Government shall, by notification, determine the offenses under the law for the time being in force which shall be the offenses affecting the socio-economic condition of the country.



2) Application for plea bargaining - 



According to Section 265B of the Said Code -

           (1) A person accused of an offense may file an application for plea bargaining in the Court in which such offense is pending for trial.

           (2) The application under sub-section (1) shall contain a brief description of the case relating to which the application is filed including the offence to which the case relates and shall be accompanied by an affidavit sworn by the accused stating therein that he has voluntarily preferred, after understanding the nature and extent of punishment provided under the law for the offense, the plea bargaining in his case and that he has not previously been convicted by a Court in a case in which he had been charged with the same offense.

           (3) After receiving the application under sub-section (1), the Court shall issue notice to the Public Prosecutor or the complainant of the case, as the case may be, and to the accused to appear on the date fixed for the case.

           (4) When the Public Prosecutor or the complainant of the case, as the case may be, and the accused appear on the date fixed under sub-section (3), the Court shall examine the accused in camera, where the other party in the case shall not be present, to satisfy itself that the accused has filed the application voluntarily and where

                    (a) the Court is satisfied that the application has been filed by the accused voluntarily, it shall provide time to the Public Prosecutor or the complainant of the case, as the case may be, and the accused to work out a mutually satisfactory disposition of the case which may include giving to the victim by the accused the compensation and other expenses during the case and thereafter fix the date for further hearing of the case;

                    (b) the Court finds that the application has been filed involuntarily by the accused or he has previously been convicted by a Court in a case in which he had been charged with the same offense, it shall proceed further in accordance with the provisions of this Code from the stage such application has been filed under sub-section (1).


3) Guidelines for mutually satisfactory disposition (265C) - 


           In working out a mutually satisfactory disposition under clause (a) of sub-section (4) of section 265B, the Court shall follow the following procedure, namely:

               (a) in a case instituted on a police report, the Court shall issue a notice to the Public Prosecutor, the police officer who has investigated the case, the accused and the victim of the case to participate in the meeting to work out a satisfactory disposition of the case :
Provided that throughout such process of working out a satisfactory disposition of the case, it shall be the duty of the Court to ensure that the entire process is completed voluntarily by the parties participating in the meeting :
Provided further that the accused may, if he so desires, participate in such meeting with his pleader, if any, engaged in the case;

               (b) in a case instituted otherwise than on police report, the Court shall issue a notice to the accused and the victim of the case to participate in a meeting to work out a satisfactory disposition of the case:

      Provided that it shall be the duty of the Court to ensure, throughout such process of working out a satisfactory disposition of the case, that it is completed voluntarily by the parties participating in the meeting :

      Provided further that if the victim of the case or the accused, as the case may be, so desires, he may participate in such meeting with his pleader engaged in the case.


4) Report of the mutually satisfactory disposition to be submitted before the Court


             According to Section 265D of the Cr.P.C, wherein a meeting under section 265C, a satisfactory disposition of the case has been worked out, the Court shall prepare a report of such disposition which shall be signed by the presiding officer of the Court and all other persons who participated in the meeting and if no such disposition has been worked out, the Court shall record such observation and proceed further in accordance with the provisions of this Code from the stage the application under sub-section (1) of section 265B has been filed in such case.


5) Disposal of the case


             According to Section 265E of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, where a satisfactory disposition of the case has been worked out under section 265D, the Court shall dispose of the case in the following manner, namely:

        (a) the Court shall award the compensation to the victim in accordance with the disposition under section 265D and hear the parties on the quantum of the punishment, releasing of the accused on probation of good conduct or after admonition under section 360 or for dealing with the accused under the provisions of the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 (20 of 1958) or any other law for the time being in force and follow the procedure specified in the succeeding clauses for imposing the punishment on the accused;

        (b) after hearing the parties under clause (a), if the Court is of the view that section 360 or the provisions of the Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 (20 of 1958) or any other law for the time being in force are attracted in the case of the accused, it may release the accused on probation or provide the benefit of any such law, as the case may be;

        (c) after hearing the parties under clause (b), if the Court finds that minimum punishment has been provided under the law for the offense committed by the accused, it may sentence the accused to half of such minimum punishment;

        (d) in case after hearing the parties under clause (b), the Court finds that the offense committed by the accused is not covered under clause (b) or clause (c), then, it may sentence the accused to one-fourth of the punishment provided or extendable, as the case may be, for such offense.


6) Judgment of the Court - 



               According to Section 265F of the Code, the Court shall deliver its judgment in terms of section 265E in the open Court and the same shall be signed by the presiding officer of the Court.


7) Finality of the judgment 


                According to Section 265G of the Code of Criminal Procedure the judgment delivered by the Court under section 265G shall be final and no appeal (except the special leave petition under article 136 and writ petition under articles 226 and 227 of the Constitution) shall lie in any Court against such judgment.

8) Power of the Court in plea bargaining (Section 265H) - 

              As per Section 265H of the Code, A Court shall have, for the purposes of discharging its functions under this Chapter, all the powers vested in respect of bail, a trial of offenses and other matters relating to the disposal of a case in such Court under this Code.


9) Period of detention undergone by the accused to be set off against the sentence of imprisonment


             According to Section 265I of the Code, the provisions of Section 428 shall apply, for setting off the period of detention undergone by the accused against the sentence of imprisonment imposed under this Chapter, in the same manner as they apply in respect of the imprisonment under other provisions of this Code.


10) Savings (Section 265J) -


              The provisions of this Chapter shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other provisions of this Code and nothing in such other provisions shall be construed to constrain the meaning of any provision of this Chapter.

Explanation - 

             ”For the purposes of this Chapter, the expression "Public Prosecutor" has the meaning assigned to it under clause (u) of section 2 and includes an Assistant Public Prosecutor appointed under section 25.



11) Statements of accused not to be used - 


            According to Section 265K of the Code of Criminal Procedure, Notwithstanding anything contained in any law for the time being in force, the statements or facts stated by an accused in an application for plea bargaining filed under section 265B shall not be used for any other purpose except for the purpose of this Chapter.


12) Non-application of the Chapter


              Section 265L of the Code of Criminal Procedure provides, nothing in this Chapter shall apply to any Juvenile or Child as defined in clause (k) of section 2 of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 (56 of 2000).


See Also...


Summary Trial (Section 260 to Section 265 of the Code of Criminal Procedure)

Trial of summons cases by Magistrates (Section 251 to 259 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973)

What is a Warrant of Arrest and where warrant may be executed?

Rights of Accused Person at the Trial

Difference/Distinction between Parole and Probation

6 Ways or Processes to Compel a person to Appear in the Court.

What is a Warrant and what are the conditions for a valid Warrant?

What is Bail and when bail may be canceled? (Code of Criminal Procedure)

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