Administration of Justice is one of the primary functions of the State. The main function of the administration of justice is the protection of individuals' rights, enforcement of laws and punishment of wrongdoer.  Administration of criminal justice deals with public wrongs. all offenses included in Indian Penal Code(IPC) are public wrongs. Administration of justice is generally divided into two parts- viz Administration of Civil Justice and Administration of Criminal Justice.   The criminal justice system is the set of agencies and processes established by governments to control crime and impose penalties on those who violate laws.

Components of the criminal justice system -

       Most criminal justice systems have five components – law enforcement prosecution. Defense Attorneys, Courts, and Corrections, each playing a key role in the criminal justice Process.

1) Law Enforcement – 

       Law enforcement officers take reports for crimes that happen in their areas. officers investigation crime and gather and protect evidence. Law enforcement officers may arrest offenders give testimony during  the court process and conduct follow–up
investigations if needed.

2) Prosecution -

        Prosecutors are lawyers who represent the state or federal government (not the victim) throughout the court process from the first appearance of the accused in court until the accused is acquitted or sentenced prosecutors to review the evidence brought to them by law enforcement to decide whether to file the charge or drop the case. Prosecutors present evidence In court question witnesses and decide (at any point after charges have been filed)whether to negotiate plea bargains with defendants. they have great discretion, or freedom, to make choices about how to prosecute the case victims may connect the prosecutor's office to find out which prosecutor is an
charge of their case, to inform the prosecutors if the defense an attorney has connected the victim and to seek other information about
the case.

3) Defense attorneys – 

            Defense Attorneys defend the accused against the Governments case. They are their hirde by the defendants or(for defendants who cannot afford an attorney) they are assigned by the
court. while the prosecutor represents the defendant.

4) Courts -

         Courts are run by judges whose role in making sure the law is followed and oversee what happen in court they decide  whether to
release offenders before trials judges accept or reject plea agreements oversee trials and sentence convicted offenders.

5) Corrections –

        Correction officers supervise convicted offenders when they are in jail in prison, or in the community probation or parole in same communities correction officers prepare pre-sentencing reports with extensive background information about the offender to help judges decide sentences. The job of correction officers is to make sure the facilities that hold offenders are secure and safe. They oversee the day to day custody of inmates they also oversee the release processes for inmates and sometimes notify victims of changes in the offender's statute.


See also...

1) When Police May Arrest Without Warrant | Criminal Law

2) Legal Functions of Police | Law of Crime

3) Kidnapping and Abduction | Law of Crime

4) Distinction Between Assault and Affray | Law of Crime

5) Criminal Administration of Justice | Jurisprudence



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