Police to prevent cognizable offenses -

        According to Section 149 of the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, Every police officer may interpose for the purpose of preventing, and shall, to the best of his ability, prevent, the commission of any cognizable offense.


Information of design to commit cognizable offenses - 

         As per Section 150 of the said Code, every police officer receiving information of a design to commit any cognizable offense shall communicate such information to the police officer to whom he is subordinate, and to any other officer whose duty it is to prevent or take cognizance of the commission of any such offense.

Arrest to prevent the commission of cognizable offenses - 

       According to Section 151 of the Code of Criminal Procedure -

       (1) A police officer knowing of a design to commit any cognizable offense may arrest, without orders from a Magistrate and without a warrant, the person so designing, if it appears to such officer that the commission of the offense cannot be otherwise prevented.

       (2) No person arrested under sub-section (1) shall be detained in custody for a period exceeding twenty-four hours from the time of his arrest unless his further detention is required or authorized under any other provisions of this Code or of any other law for the time being in force.


Prevention of injury to public property -

        According to Section 152, of the said Code, A police officer may of his own authority interpose to prevent any injury attempted to be committed in his view to any public property, movable or immovable or the removal or injury of any public landmark or buoy or other mark used for navigation.


Inspection of weights and measures - 

       According to Section 153(1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, any officer in charge of a police station may, without a warrant, enter any place within the limits of such station for the purpose of inspecting or searching for any weights or measures or instruments for weighing, used or kept therein, whenever he has reason to believe that there are in such place any weights, measures or instruments for weighing which are false.

       (2) If he finds in such place any weights, measures or instruments for weighing which are false, he may seize the same, and shall forthwith give information of such seizure to a Magistrate having jurisdiction.


See Also...


Withdrawal of cases and Appeals (Code of Criminal Procedure 1973)

Compoundable and non-compoundable offenses

Constitution of Criminal Courts (The Code of Criminal Procedure)

What is Compounding, Compounding of offenses (Section 320 of the Code of Criminal Procedure)

What are the requirements of FIR (Criminal Procedure Code, CRPC)

What is Bail and what is the Difference between bailable and non-bailable offenses


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