1) Meaning and Definition of Trade Union - 

 Generally, Trade Unions means "an association of wage earners/ workers". It is a voluntary association of workers in a particular industry or a craft. Section 2(h) of the Trade Union Act 1926 defines Trade union as follows -

According to Section 2(h) of the Trade Unions Act 1926, "trade union" means any combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business, and includes any federation of two or more trade unions:

   PROVIDED that this Act shall not affect-

         (i) any agreement between partners as to their own business;

        (ii) any agreement between an employer and those employed by him as to such employment; or

        (iii) any agreement in consideration of the sale of the goodwill of a business or of instruction in any profession, trade or handicraft.

2) Ingredients of Trade Union 

To constitute Trade union following elements are required

1) There must be combination of workmen or employers.


2) There must be business or trade.


3) The object of the trade union must be to regulate relations of employers and employees or to impose restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business.


4) See also

Mode of Registration of Trade Union

Rights of Registered Trade Union 

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