1) Introduction :

            The Legal Services Authority Act makes Provisions in Relation to the establishment, Powers and Functions etc. of the Lok Adalat. Chapter VI , Section 22 of Legal Services Authority Act 1987 deals with the Powers of Lok Adalats.

2) What is Lok Adalat ? 

       The word "Lok Adalat" means 'People's Court. Lok Adalat is another alternative to judicial justice. This is a recent strategy for delivering informal, cheap and expeditious justice to the common man by way of settling disputes, which are pending in courts and also those, which have not yet reached Courts by negotiations,  conciliation and by adopting persuasive , common sense and Human approach to the problems of the disputants, with the assistance of specially trained and experienced members of a Team of Conciliators. It is an old concept. In ancient India it played important role in settlement of disputes and  its validity has not been taken away even in the modern days too.  
        Lok Adalat saves not only time but also huge expenditure on judicial proceedings in the current judicial system. It provides quick justice at nominal expenditure. Thus, it provides less expensive Justice to the people.

3) Benefits of Lok Adalat :     See .... What are Benefits of Lok Adalat 

4) Powers of Lok Adalats : 

       Powers of Lok Adalats under Section 22 of Legal Services Authority Act 1987 are as follows : 

(1) The Lok Adalat shall, for the purposes of holding any determination under this Act, have the same powers as are vested in a civil court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908), while trying a suit in respect of the following matters, namely -

                      (a) the summoning and enforcing the attendance of any witness and examining him on oath;

                     (b) the discovery and production of any document;

                     (c) the reception of evidence on affidavits;

                    (d) the requisitioning of any public record or document or copy of such record or document from any court or office; and

                     (e) such other matters as may be prescribed.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the powers contained in sub-section(1), every Lok Adalat shall have the requisite powers to specify its own procedure for the determination of any dispute coming before it. All proceedings before a Lok Adalat shall be deemed to be judicial proceedings within the meaning of Sections 193, 219 and 228 of the Indian Penal Code and every Lok Adalat shall be deemed to be a civil court for the purpose of Section 195 and Chapter XXVI of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

See also....

1) Difference Between Permanent Lok Adalat and Lok Adalat

2) Organisation of Lok Adalats under Legal Services Authorities Act 1987

3) The Constitution / Composition / Organization of the National Legal Services Authority
4) What are Benefits of Lok Adalat ?

5) What are the reasons for Decline Public Interest litigation (PIL) ?


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