1) Lok Adalat : 
   
       Lok Adalat is an old concept. In ancient India it played important role in settlement of disputes and  its validity has not been taken away even in the modern days too.   Lok Adalat saves not only time but also huge expenditure on judicial proceedings in the current judicial system. It provides quick justice at nominal expenditure. Thus, it provides less expensive Justice to the people.


2) Object of Lok Adalat: 

        The object of establishment of Lok Adalat is to settle the disputes quickly by counseling and discussions,  etc.  Its basis is to provide quick justice with the mutual and free consent of the parties. The provision for establishment of Lok Adalat has been enacted with the object to reduce burden on the Courts so that the problem of law's delay may be solved and people may get justice within due time. It is supplementary to the judicial system and not a substitute thereof.



3) Organisation of Lok Adalats 

        According to Section 19 Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987  (1) Every State Authority or District Authority or the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee or every High Court Legal Services Committee or, as the case may be, Taluk Legal Services Committee may organise Lok Adalats at such intervals and places and for exercising such jurisdiction and for such areas as it thinks fit.

           (2) Every Lok Adalat organised for an area shall consist of such number of -

                               (a) serving or retired judicial officers; and

                               (b) other persons, of the area as may be specified by the State Authority or the District Authority or the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee or the High Court Legal Services Committee, or as the case may be, the Taluk Legal Services Committee, organising such Lok Adalats.

              (3) The experience and qualifications of other persons referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (2) for Lok Adalats organised by the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of India.

             (4) The experience and qualifications of other persons referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (2) for Lok Adalats other than referred to in sub-section (3) shall be such as may be prescribed by the State Government in consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court.

             (5) A Lok Adalat shall have jurisdiction to determine and to arrive at a compromise or settlement between the parties to a dispute in respect of -

                               (i) any case pending before; or

                               (ii) any matter which is falling within the jurisdiction of, and is not brought before, any court for which the Lok Adalat is organised:

          Provided that the Lok Adalat shall have no jurisdiction in respect of any case or matter relating to an offence not compoundable under any law.

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