Introduction : 

                 International Law or Law of Nations deals with rules for the governance of Sovereign States in their relations and Conduct towards one another It Comprises of two parts Namely 1) Public International Law  2) Private International Law or Law of Conflict.

    1) Public International Law : 
                                    
                          Public International law is the body of legal rules, which applied between Sovereign States and other International Personalities.
                  

    2) Private International Law or Law of Conflict : 

                                Private International Law is also Called as 'Conflict of Law' deals with cases involving foreign element. In case of Dispute between an individual citizen or  State and Foreign Element, where there is need to contact with foreign system of law, the Private International Law will apply.

Difference Between  Public International Law and Private International Law / Law of Conflicts


 

No.

Public International Law

Private International Law / Law of Conflicts


1)

Public International law is the body of legal rules, which applied between Sovereign States and other International Personalities.


Conflict of laws, often called Private International Law. Private International Law regulating relationship between Private persons (Natural or Legal) of two different States.


2)

Public International law rules are outcome of International custom and treaties.

Private International law rules are framed by the State legislature.



3)

Public International law is enforced by international pressure and fear for example – breakage of diplomatic relations, sanctions etc.


Private International Law is enforced by the concerned State executive.   

4)

In public International Law there is no Predetermined Court.

In private International Law courts are predetermined.


5)

Public International Law is same for all the States.


Private International Law differ from state to state.





See also 

1) Important Definitions of International Law

2) Weakness Of International Law

3) Distinction/ Difference between De Jure Recognition and De facto Recognition

4) War Crimes - Definition, Classification of war crimes

5) Subjects of International Law













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