What is Cyber Terrorism?
Cyberterrorism refers to the use of digital technology and the internet to conduct attacks with the intent of causing significant harm or disruption for ideological, political, religious, or social reasons. These attacks can target computer systems, networks, and information infrastructure, often with the goal of instilling fear, coercion, or achieving a particular agenda.
The threat of cyber terrorism is taken seriously by governments and organizations worldwide, leading to the development of robust cybersecurity measures and international cooperation to mitigate this risk, In India it is punishable under Section 66F of the Information Technology Act 2000.
Punishment for cyber terrorism (Section 66F)
Asper Section 66F(1) Whoever,-
(A) with intent to threaten the unity, integrity, security, or sovereignty of India or to strike terror in the people or any section of the people by--
(i) denying or causing the denial of access to any person authorized to access computer resources; or
(ii) attempting to penetrate or access a computer resource without authorization or exceeding authorized access; or
(iii) introducing or causing to introduce any computer contaminant, and by means of such conduct causes or is likely to cause death or injuries to persons or damage to or destruction of property or disrupts or knowing that it is likely to cause damage or disruption of supplies or services essential to the life of the community or adversely affect the critical information infrastructure specified under Section 70; or
(B) knowingly or intentionally penetrates or accesses a computer resource without authorization or exceeding authorized access, and by means of such conduct obtains access to information, data or computer database that is restricted for reasons of the security of the State or foreign relations; or any restricted information, data or computer database, with reasons to believe that such information, data or computer database so obtained may be used to cause or likely to cause injury to the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offense, or to the advantage of any foreign nation, group of individuals or otherwise, commits the offense of cyber terrorism.
(2) Whoever commits or conspires to commit cyber terrorism shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to imprisonment for life