What is a Patent?
A patent is an exclusive right given to an inventor for the invention of a product or process. The invention may be one of technological, scientific, or artistic importance. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent.
Before getting a patent, an inventor must first successfully apply for it with their national patent office. To do this they must present verifiable proof that they created something new and useful. If both these criteria are met, then they are issued with a certificate that gives them an enforced monopoly over their creation for 20 years in most countries of the world.
What are the three Types of Patents?
There are Three types of Patents namely Utility Patents, Design Patent and Plant Patents
1. Utility patents - Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, the machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter or any new and useful improvement thereof.
2. Design patents - Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture
3. Plant patents - Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant
A claimed invention must be new, involve an inventive step, and be industrially applicable for a patent to be granted. After the grant of a patent, no one else can make, use, sell, or import the product or process for commercial gain without the permission of the patent holder. This right is legally enforceable against all people in the country where a patent is granted.