What is Administrative Law -

            Administrative Law is a combination of substantive and procedural law.  Administrative law is a branch of public law which deals with the relationship of the individual with the administrative authorities. Administrative law deals with the organization and powers of administrative and quasi-administrative agencies, procedure for exercise of those power and control over those powers. 

Definition of Administrative Law - 

          Administrative law may be broadly defined as the law which regulates the exercise of power conferred under the law upon governmental bodies.
       According to Ivor Jenning Administrative Law is the law relating to administration. It determines the organisation, powers and duties of Administrative authorities".
Bernard Schwartz has defined Administrative Law as “the law applicable to those administrative agencies which possess of delegated legislation and judicatory authority.
The Indian Institution of Law has defined Administrative Law - 
        “ Administrative Law deals with the structure, powers and functions of organs of administration, the method and procedures followed by them in exercising their powers and functions, the method by which they are controlled and the remedies which are available to a person against them when his rights are infringed by their operation.” 

Utility of Administrative Law -

                        As Wade has defined administrative law as a law which relates to control of governmental powers which keep the within their legal bounds so as to product citizen against their abuse .it like balancing of the function of the state.

Major Functions of the State -

The functions of a modern state may broadly be placed into five categories, viz, the state as a) protector, b) provider, c) entrepreneur, d) economic controller and e) arbiter. 
Protector  – 
         a right to life, liberties, properties which are enshrined in the constitution is to be protected by the state. we will feel secured only when our rights are protected.
Provider –
          State has to provide livelihood, distribution of natural and materials resources.

Entrepreneur (enterprise) 
        According to Duguit State is the largest enterprise State has provide employment in fact, the State is an employer as well as the employee.

Economic controller – 
      Tax, levies, duties, tolls, etc, are economic activities in which the state is engaged.

Arbitrator – 
       similarly, these administrative agencies also exercises power of adjudication of disputes by establishing number of administrative tribunals. 
       In India, we have witnessed a very slow growth of administrative law. the various areas in which administrative law has developed are public safety , public health, morality, trading activities, industrials development, etc.

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