Introduction 

      The disabled person needs more protection to prevent them from exploitation abuse and degrading treatment. various provisions are incorporated for assisting the disabled person to develop their abilities and promoting their integration in normal life.  The general assembly passed the various resolutions to  help them in the physical and psychological adjustment to society and to promote all national and international effort to provide disabled persons with proper assistance, training, care, and guidance to promoting effective measures for the prevention of disability for rehabilitation of disabled person

Who is Disabled Person? 

     'Disabled person' means any person unable to ensure by himself or herself, wholly or partly, the necessities of a normal individual and/or social life, as a result of deficiency, either congenital or not, in his or her physical or mental capabilities.

   
Rights of Disabled Person 

      As mentioned above for the protection and improvement of Conditions of disabled persons, the General Assembly has adopted following two declarations :

1) The declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Person, 1971; and

2) The Declaration of the Rights of Disabled Persons, 1975


1) The declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Person, 1971 : 

Rights of Mentally Retarded Person are as follows :

(1) The mentally retarded person has the same rights as other human beings.

(2) The mentally retarded person has a right to proper medical care and physical therapy to develop his ability and maximum potential.

(3) The mentally retarded person has a right to economic security and to a decent standard of living.

(4) The mentally retarded person has a right to perform productive work or to engage in any other meaningful occupation to the fullest possible extent of his capabilities.

(5) The mentally retarded person has a right to a qualified guardian when this is required to protect his personal well-being and interests.

(7) The mentally retarded person has a right to protection from exploitation, abuse and degrading treatment.


 2) The Declaration of the Rights of Disabled Persons, 1975


(1) Disabled persons have the inherent right to respect for their human dignity.

(2) Disabled persons have the same civil and political rights as other human beings.

(3) Disabled persons are entitled to the measures designed to enable them to become as self-reliant as possible.

(4) Disabled persons have the right to medical, psychological and functional treatment.

(5) Disabled persons have the right to economic and social security and to a decent level of living.

(6) Disabled persons are entitled to have their special needs taken into consideration at all stages of economic and social planning.

(7) Disabled persons have the right to live with their families or with foster parents and to participate in all social, creative or recreational activities.



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