No
              Lock-Out
                         Closure

1

             According to Section 2(l) of the Industrial Dispute Act 1947,  “lockout means the temporary closing of a place of employment, of the suspension of work, or the refusal by an employer to continue to employ any number of persons employed by him.


           According to Section 2 (cc) of the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947 Closure means the permanent closing down of a place of employment or part thereof.

2

Lock out indicates the temporary closure of the place of business or place of employment and not a closure of the Business itself.



The closure of a business indicate the final and irrevocable termination of the business itself

3

Lockout is a weapon of coercion in the hands of employer


Closure is generally for trade reason.

4


A Lockout is caused by the existence or apprehension of an Industrial Dispute.


A closure need not to be in consequence of an Industrial dispute.




In closure there is severance of employment relationship whereas in Lockout there is no severance but only suspension of such relationship. 


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