Following are the modes of loss of Nationality  

            According to Oppenheim, there are five Modes of losing Nationality are as follows:

1) By Release:

                  Some States, such as Germany., Law provides that the citizens may lose the nationality by release. In the loss of nationality by release it is necessary to submit an application for the same. If the Application is accepted, the person concerned is released from the nationality of the State concerned.

2) Deprivation:

               Certain States have framed some municipal laws the breach of which by its nationals results in the deprivation of their nationality. Under the American laws, service in the armed forces of a foreign State also results in deprivation of citizenship.


3) Expiration:


               In certain States, on account of legislation citizenship expires due to long stay abroad. A naturalist American citizen loses his nationality by having s continuance residence for three years in the territory of a foreign state of which he was formerly a national or in which the place of his birth is situated.

4) Renunciation:

           A person may also renounce his nationality.  The need for renunciation arises when a person acquires the nationality of more than one State. In such a condition he has to make a choice as to of which country he will remain national .Finally, he has to renounce the nationality of one State. In the case of double nationality of children, the municipal laws of certain States like Great Britain give them a right on coming of age to declare whether they wish to cease to be citizens of one State. The British nationality Act of 1948 permits such a child to make a declaration of the renunciation of citizenship of the United Kingdom, but the registration of such a declaration may be withheld by the Secretary of State if made during any war in which the United kingdom be engaged. 


5) Substitution:

          Some States provide for the substitution of nationality. According to this principle, a person may get nationality of a state in place of the nationality of another State. This is called nationality by substitution whereby he loses nationality of state and acquires the nationality of another State. The British nationality Act 1948, does not automatically entail loss of British nationality on the naturalisation of a British subject in a Foreign State. The United States nationality Act of 1952, however, entails loss of American nationality on the voluntary naturalisation of an American National in a foreign country.

               In certain States, law provides that if the national of that State without seeking permission of the government obtains employment in another State, then he may be deprived of his nationality




See also 

1) Distinction / Difference between Nationality and Citizenship

2) Double nationality and nationality of married Women

3) Subjects of International Law

4) Weakness Of International Law

5) Important Definitions of International Law

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