Hacking with the intent to alter data on computer systems is a serious and unlawful activity. It involves unauthorized access to computer systems or networks with the purpose of modifying, deleting, or manipulating data. This activity can have severe legal, ethical, and security consequences. 

Hacking with computer systems, Data Alteration - 

    Hacking for data alteration refers to gaining unauthorized access to computer systems, networks, or databases with the specific intention of changing, modifying, or manipulating the stored information.

The motive behind it :

    Motives for hacking and data alteration can vary. Some individuals may do it for personal gain, such as financial fraud, while others might have political, ideological, or revenge-driven reasons. Regardless of the motive, it is considered illegal.

Is it Legal?

      Of course Not! Hacking for data alteration is illegal in most jurisdictions around the world. Unauthorized access to computer systems is a violation of computer crime laws, and altering data without permission is considered a serious offense almost all countries take this type of act seriously and punish criminals according to law. In India Information Technology Act 2000 Provides punishment for such activity in Section 66. 

    According to Section 66 of the IT Act 2000 (Information Technology Act 2000), if any person, dishonestly or fraudulently, does any act referred to in Section 43, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees or with both.

Explanation.--For the purposes of this section,--

(a) The word "dishonestly" shall have the meaning assigned to it in section 24 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860);

(b) The word "fraudulently" shall have the meaning assigned to it in section 25 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).

Consequences of Hacking :

 Legal Consequences: If someone of any organization Engage in hacking and data alteration can lead to criminal charges, including but not limited to charges related to unauthorized access, identity theft, fraud, and various computer crimes.

Ethical and Reputational Consequences: All over the world Hacking is regarded as unethical. We can see Individuals and organizations found to be involved in such activities can face reputational damage, loss of trust, and exclusion from professional and social communities.

Security Risks: Nobody likes interface in their personal Private sensitive Data or Documents, Unauthorized data alteration can lead to significant security breaches, potentially exposing sensitive information, financial loss, and damage to an organization's operations.

Punishment under IT Act 2000 :

  • Imprisonment for a term that may extend to three years or 
  • with fine that may extend to five lakh rupees or with both


     In summary, hacking for data alteration is a serious criminal activity with significant legal, ethical, and security implications. It is essential for individuals and organizations to prioritize cybersecurity and take appropriate measures to protect against unauthorized access and data manipulation. Section 66 deals with Hacking computer systems and data Alteration and provides punishment for such activity

See Also...

1. Tampering with computer source Documents (Sec.65 of Information Technology Act 2000)

2 Secure Electronic Records and Secure Electronic Signature (IT Act 2000)

3  The main Reasons for cyber crimes 

4 Salient Features of  The Information Technology Act, 2000



See Also..