Meaning :   

       Ad hoc, it is Latin phrase which means "for this" and in English, this almost always means "for this specific purpose". Generally, it means created or done for a particular purpose as necessary. So Ad hoc judge means appointed/selected judge.    

  Appointment of Ad hoc Juges :

           If at any time there should not be a quorum of the Judges of the Supreme Court available to hold or continue any session of the Court, “the National Judicial Appointments Commission on a reference made to it by the Chief Justice of India, may with the previous consent of the President and after consultation with the Chief Justice of the High Court concerned, request in writing the attendance at the sittings of the Court, as an ad hoc Judge, for such period as may be necessary, of a Judge of a High Court duly qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court to be designated by the Chief Justice of India. [Article 127(1)]

         It shall be the duty of the Judge who has been so designated, in priority to other duties of his office, to attend the sittings of the Supreme Court at the time and for the period for which his attendance is required, and while so attending he shall have all the jurisdiction, powers and privileges, and shall discharge the duties, of a Judge of the Supreme Court.  [Article 127(2)]

See also : 

1) The Constitution of India and High Courts

2) Under which situations the writ of mandamus will not be granted?

3) Modes of Loss of Nationality

4) Distinction / Difference between Nationality and Citizenship

5) Distinction / Difference between Right and Privilege:


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