Common Intention 

       Common Object



Criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of Common intention


Five or more persons commit offence in prosecution of common object.



      Section 34 of the Indian Penal Code Defines Common Intention as, “When a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all, each of such persons is liable for that act in the same manner as if it were done by him alone.

Definition :

According to Section 149 of the Indian Penal Code If an offence is committed by any member of an unlawful assembly in prosecution of the common object of that assembly, or such as the members of that assembly knew to be likely to be committed in prosecution of that object, every person who, at the time of the committing of that offence, is a member of the same assembly, is guilty of that offence.


Number of Persons must be more than one.

 Minimum numbers of Person must be five to constitute an unlawful assembly.


In Common Intention, prior meeting of Mind is essential.

Prior meeting of Mind is not necessary.


All persons involved in the Commission of offence shall be equally liable

All persons may or may not be equally liable.


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