Almost in Every Constitution there is a preamble, which provides the objectives, purposes, nature, scope of the Constitution. The preamble of the Indian constitution is nothing but in short an introduction of the Indian constitution and therefore it is treated as a part of the Constitution.

The Preamble to an act sets out the main objectives which the legislation is intended to achieve.

 Objectives enshrined in the preamble : 

The following are the objectives which the Preamble the preamble secures to every citizen -

Justice :  Social, economic and political ;

Liberty : of thought , expression, belief, faith and worship;

Equality : of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all ;

Fraternity : Assuring the Dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation. 

 "Liberty equality and fraternity" which the Constitution seeks to secure all the people of India are to serve the primary objective of ensuring social, economic and political justice.


 1) Social, economic and political Justice :

           The first objective set out by Preamble is to secure justice social, economic and political. Article. 38 also provides that the State shall promote the Welfare of the people and social order.

2) Liberty of thought, expression, faith and worship : 

     Article 19 (1) (a) guarantees fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression and an Article 25 and 26 guarantee freedom of conscience, freedom to profess, practice or propagate any religion, to manage religious institutions.

3) Equality of status and opportunity : Article 14 to Article 18 guarantee Right to Equality.


Article 14 provides equality before law and equal protection of law .

Article 15 prohibits discrimination on the ground of religion, race, caste, sex and place of birth.

Article 16 gives right of equal equal opportunity in matter of public employment.

Article 17 provides abolition of untouchability .

Article 18 provides abolition of titles.

         Thus, Preamble of Indian constitution not only gives nature and source, aims and objectives but also the pattern and mode of the Constitution.


4) To promote fraternity :

            Fraternity means Brotherhood. It implies that all citizens should have a feeling that they are members of the same family with common interest. There are many provisions in the Constitution incorporated with a view to promote this kind of feeling in the citizens.

5) To ensure dignity of individual :

            The Constitution gives proper place to every individual and guarantees valuable freedom to each individual to develop his personality with certain restrictions.


6) To assure unity and integrity of nation :

              The word integrity was added by 42nd Constitutional amendment 1976. The Preamble aims at the unity and integrity of the nation.( Must Read..... Can Preamble be amended under Article 368 ?)



 See Also...
           
                 Is Preamble a part of the Constitution ?
 
                 42nd Amendment and The Preamble

                  Relevant Cases 

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