1)  Powers in relation to House of Parliament 

              The President is an integral part of Parliament as Article 79 provides that Parliament shall consists of the President and two Houses i.e. Council of states and House of People. Therefore, the President have various important functions in relation to the Parliament which are as under -

2) Nomination of Certain members to the Council of States 

             President has power to nominate 12 members in the Council of State i.e. Rajya-Sabha, under Article80(1)(a) from among persons having special knowledge or practical experience in literature, science, art and social sciences.

3) Decision on questions as to disqualification of member (Article.103)

              If any question arises as to whether a member of either House of Parliament has become subject of any of the disqualification, a question is referred to the President and his decision shall be final. The President has to decide the matter in accordance with advice given by the Election Commission .  

4) To address and send massages to House (Article.86)

             The President may address either or both the House of Parliament assembled together. Under Article 87, it is obligatory on the President to address both the Houses together of the commencement of first session of the general election to the House of the people, and at the commencement of the first Session of the year.  

5) To send messages as to pending Bills - Article 86(2)

              The President may send messages to either House of Parliament with respect to pending Bills or otherwise. This imposes the duty of the House to consider with all convenient dispatch the matter required by the President to be taken into consideration. 

6) Summoning, prorogation and dissolution of the House (Article 85)

              The president is empowered to summons each House of the Parliament at set time and place as he thinks fit subject to the condition that the gap between two sessions should be less than six months. The President may prorogue the House or either House. He may also dissolve the House of the people but not The Council of States.

7) Assent To Bill (Article.111)

             Every Bill after being passed by both the Houses of the Parliament is presented to the President and it becomes Law only after he gives his assent to the Bill.

8) To Recommend financial measure (Article.117)

             The financial Bill shall be not be introduced or moved, in the House of People unless there is a recommendation of President to such Bill.


Post a Comment

See Also..