Marriage is a stable, Socially permitted exclusive Union between a male and female. According to Mazumdar marriage is "socially sanctioned union of male and female or as a secondary institution devised by society to sanction the Union and mating of male and female, for purpose of establishing household , entering into sex relations, procreating and providing care for the offspring".
Ancient Hindu Scriptures treated marriage as a sacramental, indissoluble union to beget a son for salvation and to discharge religious A secular duties. According to Muslim law Marriage is a civil contract the object of which is Mutual enjoyment and procreating and legalizing the children . It was also treated as religious duty (ilbadat)
Among parsis the marriage is essentially a contract but the ceremony of as ashirvad by a priest is essentially. A marriage among Christians is also a contract solemnized by a minister of religion.
Forms of marriage :
Here are twelve forms of marriage are as follows :
1. Polyandry --
In Polyandry there is one wife and plurality of husband's . It may be either fraternal polyandry where wife marrying brothers or non fraternal where the husband's need not be brothers.
2) Polygamy --
In polygamy there is one husband and many wives.
3. Monogamy --
In monogamy there is one man-one wife.
4) Hypergamy --
Marriage of daughter superior family.
5. Levirate --
Marrying childless widow of his brother
6) Sororate -
Marrying the sisters of the deceased wife
7. Sororal polygyny --
A man marrying several sisters.
8) Anuloma marriage --
An inter caste marriage where an upper caste man marries a lower caste woman.
9. Pratiloma marriage --
An inter caste marriage where a lower caste man marries an upper caste woman.
10) Concubinage --
A woman cohabiting with a man without marriage .
11. Exogamy --
Marrying outside blood relationship.
12) Endogamy --
marrying within the blood relationship.