The term 'Right' in ordinary sense, means, " the standard of permitted action within a certain sphere . It means the standard of permitted actions by law, such permitted action of a person is known as his legal right. Any action of a person permitted by law is called 'right' similarly , the expression 'legal right' means " the standard of permitted action by law. A legal right may be distinguished from a moral or natural right. Legal right is an interest recognized and protected by law.  In short legal rights are legally protected interest. If any person violate the legal right it would be a legal wrong, and for such legal wrong there is legal remedy.

Legal Rights may be classified under following heads :

1) Right in Rem and Right in Persona -

     'Rem' means world and 'Persona' means persons. The Right in Rem is the right available against the whole world while right in Persona is the right against a particular person. Right in Persona generally arises out of contractual obligations for example - breach of contract. Whereas right in rem is generally outcome of law.
For example - Tort, Crime.

     Right in Persona is generally transitory in nature, which can be transferred in right in rem. Right in rem is a final thing, whereas right in Persona is transitory in nature.

2) Personal and Proprietary Right -

         Personal right is in respect of person of owner of right whereas Proprietary right is in respect of property of which the person is an owner. Proprietary Rights are those, which constitute a man's property or wealth. These are the rights, which possess some economic or monetary value and constitute the estate of the Person. Right to land, debts and Goodwill or patent rights are all Proprietary right.
Personal right includes right to safety, to repetition Personal rights are also important like Proprietary right. For example - right to reputation.  Personal Rights is having no economic value. They relate to Person's well-being or status.

3) Positive and Negative Rights - 
       Positive rights have corresponding Positive duty. Positive right therefore the right when some positive act is required to be done by the person who has the corresponding duty. Thus the person on whom such duty lies must do some positive act.

       While on the other hand negative rights are those rights when some negative act by way of omission is required. Negative rights correspond to negative duty, and the person on whom such negative duty lies shall omit (not to do) such act.

4) Principal and Accessory rights - 

      The principal right is a basic or main right vested in Persona under law. They are Vital and important Rights. While accessory right is incidental or consequential right. They are not essential but are apparent to the more basic general right.

5) Perfect and Imperfect Rights - 

      Perfect right corresponds with perfect duty. Perfect rights are recognized and also enforced by law and an action can be taken against the wrongdoer by filing a suit in Court of Law for the breach of it.
While Imperfect right corresponds with Imperfect duty, which are not recognized by law and hence cannot be enforced by law.

For example 'A' advanced loan to 'B'. 'B' is bound to repay that Loan. 'A' has perfect right to recover loan from 'B' and 'B' has perfect duty to pay the amount of loan to 'A'.
If 'B' failed, then 'A' can file Suit against him in court of law for recovery of loan. But if it is time-barred loan, for example no suit filed within the limitation period (within 3 years) and 'A' was sleeping over his right for a pretty long time. 'A' can claim for the same as it becomes imperfect right which cannot be enforced by law.

6) Right in Re-proporia and Right in Re-aliena -

         Right in Re-proporia is a right in respect of one's own property. Right in Re-proporia contemplates absolute ownership. Thus it is the outcome of jurisprudence aspect of ownership.

        Whereas right in Re-aliena, is the right in respect of property of another person. Right in Re-aliena is the outcome of jurisprudence aspect of dominant heritage and servient heritage. For example - right of easement.

7) Vested and Contingent Right - 

       Vested and Contingent rights are depending on the relationship as to owner of right and right itself. Vested right means which is already vested in person, the person already has such right through it depends upon the happening of certain events, that event is going to happen. (See also... Vested interest)

       Whereas is in Contingent interest the right is dependent upon happening or non-happening of certain events which may or may not happen.

(See also.. Difference between vested interest and contingent interest)

8) Legal and Equitable Right - 

            Legal rights are the rights given by common law Courts of England. Common law was based on statute by way of custom, usage. Equitable rights are the outcome of law of equity given by the court of chancellor, or equity Court based on principle of natural justice and conscience of Lord Chancellor.
By Judicature Act 1873, 1875 both systems are unified, but as per J. Snell 'Both the systems flow in one stream but their water does not mix.'

         After the unification of the both these systems English law came into existence. But still there are certain principles and rights, which are classified as equitable right and legal right.

9) Corporeal and Incorporeal Right -

         Here a fine distinction is made of the subject matter of the right. Corporeal rights are having physical existence. For example - I owned a book, the book has physical existence, so my right in respect of the book, is Corporeal in nature.

        Whereas incorporeal rights are those right in respect of such subject matter having no physical existence. For example - copyright of the book or trademark. Both Corporeal Incorporeal rights are legally protected rights.

10) Primary and Sanctioning Right - 

         Primary right is basic right. It is independent Right. These are the right ipso facto. for example - right in rem;  right to reputation, Right to satisfy is the primary right. If right of reputation is violated then there is legal remedy. in Tort or in Crime. There is force behind it. Sanctioning rights are the consequential rights. They are not right ipso facto. They are right in Persona, which originate from some wrong. For example - from violation of another right. Thus Sanctioning Right is supporting right to primary right.

11) Public and Private Rights - 

         Public Rights are those Vested in by state. For example - right to use High-way, right to vote etc. A private Right is one which is exercised by an individual to protect his benefit.


  1. Thanks for the blog loaded with so many information. Stopping by your blog helped me to get what I was looking for. Recalled Alimentum Baby Formula

  2. If you live in Prince Edward Island, British Columbia or Ontario then you might qualify for the land transfer tax rebate. what you need to know.Land transfer tax rebate calculator

  3. Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) enables first time home buyers to utilize their existing sources for down payment.Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP)

  4. A home buying guide for first-time buyers with current information and calculators and every step of the buying process. Home Buying Process in Canada

  5. Find the best Fixed mortgage rate in Guelph that work perfectly for you. We make it easy to compare rates in Guelph big banks and top brokers for free. Best mortgage rate in Guelph

  6. Dominate search results with the best company for SEO at your side. Our comprehensive SEO strategies will elevate your website's ranking, ensuring it appears prominently for relevant keywords. Harness the power of organic traffic and position your brand as an industry leader.
    Visit Now!

  7. Considering the importance of personal effort in achieving academic goals, it's crucial to focus on self-preparation but if you are not able able to do it yourself then pay someone to take my ged test. Embracing the learning process helps us grow and succeed authentically.


  8. Legal rights refer to the entitlements and protections afforded to individuals by law. These rights can include fundamental human rights, such as freedom of speech, the right to a fair trial, and protection from discrimination. They are essential for upholding justice, ensuring individual freedoms, and maintaining a just and orderly society.
    tax and estate lawyer
    henrico traffic lawyer
    virginia uncontested divorce

  9. At Anastasia's Acres, your pet's comfort is our top priority. With spacious and comfortable suites, climate-controlled environments, and round-the-clock monitoring, we ensure your furry friends feel cozy and cared for throughout their stay. Experience the difference at Anastasia's Acres Dog Boarding.

  10. spluswedding
    Splus Wedding specializes in wedding video to ensure your wedding memories last a lifetime.


See Also..