What is Death Sentence
The death sentence is also known as the death penalty. It is a punishment imposed by a court of law on a person who has been convicted of a capital crime. A capital crime is a crime that is punishable by death, and these crimes are typically considered the most serious offenses under the law.
In India When a death sentence may be awarded
The death sentence may be awarded by a competent court under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in the following cases:
1) waging war against the Government of India [S. 121];
2) abetting mutiny actually committed [S. 132.];
3) giving or fabricating false evidence upon which an innocent person suffers death [S. 194];
4) murder [S. 302];
5) murder by a life convict [S. 303] [S. 303 is held unconstitutional];
6) abetment of suicide of a minor, insane or intoxicated person, if suicide is committed [S. 305];
7) attempt to murder by a life convict if hurt is caused [S. 307];
8) kidnapping for ransom [S. 364-A];
9) dacoity with murder [S. 396].
1) Waging, or attempting to wage war, or abetting waging of war, against the Government of India (Section 121) —
Whoever wages war against the Government of India, or attempts to wage such war, or abets the waging of such war, shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life and shall also be liable to fine.