Introduction - 

                   The Indian Constitution is the lengthiest and the most detailed of all the written constitutions of the world. While the American Constitution of original consisted of only 7 Articles,  the Australian Constitution 128 Articles, the Canadian Constitution 147 Articles, the Indian Constitution originally consisted of 395 Articles divided into 22 parts and 8 Schedules. Since 1951, several Articles and Parts have been added to and several Articles have been omitted from the Constitution.
   
                  The constituent assembly was formed in 1946 and the Indian Constitution was presented to the nation on January 26,1950. The Assembly was chaired by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar and B.N. Rao was the constitutional adviser to the Assembly.

                  It is often said that the Indian Constitution is a bag of borrowings. following are the sources of inspiration for members of our constituent assembly at a glance.

                 The framers of the Indian Constitution have gained experience from the working of all the known constitutions of the world. They were aware of the difficulties faced in the working of these Constitutions. This was the reason that they sought to incorporate good provisions of those constitutions in order to avoid defect and loopholes that might come in future in the working of the Indian Constitution. Accordingly they framed the chapter of the fundamental rights on the model of the American Constitution, and adopted the parliamentary system of government from the United Kingdom they took the idea of the directive principle of State Policy from the Constitution of Ireland, and added elaborate provisions relating to emergency in the light of the Constitution of the German Reich and the Government of India Act 1935.





FOLLOWING TABLE MAKES IT CLEAR -




No.
Sources
Features
1)
Soviet Union
Fundamental duties, kinds of justice in Preamble.
2)
Australia
Freedom of trade and commerce, concurrent list, joint sitting of the parliament.
3)
Britain
Rule of law, parliamentary form of government, bicameral legislature
4)
U.S.A
Fundamental rights , judicial review, independent judiciary
5)
Ireland
Directive Principles of State Policy, Method of electing the President
6)
Canada
Federalism with a strong centre
7)
Germany
Emergency provisions, Suspending fundamental rights during emergency.
8)
South Africa
Amendment of the constitution
9)
France
Liberty, equality, and fraternity.
10)
Japan
Procedure established by law
11)
The Government of India Act,1935.
Federalism, emergency provisions.

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