Parliament of India is bicameral. The lower house is designated as House of People or 'Lok-Sabha' and The Upper house as 'Council of States' or 'Rajya-Sabha'. The two houses along with the President constitute Parliament and all these three organs are essential to the process of Legislation by the Parliament. The two houses of parliament in India differ from each other in many respects. They are constituted on entirely different principles.


Difference Between Lok-Sabha and  Rjya-Sabha :


1) Nature : 

Lok-Sabha is not a continuous body. It is dissolve after every 5 years or its period may be extended in emergency or can be reduced after dissolution for any reason. Whereas Rajya-Sabha is a continuous body and there is a rotation system. It is not dissolved, but after every two years 1/3rd members are retired and 1/3rd are introduced.

2) Capacity

 Maximum capacity of Lok-Sabha is 550 whereas maximum capacity of the Rajya Sabha is 250.


3) Election :

The election of the Lok-Sabha is direct whereas election of Rajya-Sabha is indirect and the President of India may nominate 12 members for Rajya-Sabha (See....Legislative Powers of the President).

 
4) Term

 Term of Lok-Sabha is 5 years but it can be dissolved earlier or can be extended more than 5 years, whereas term of the Rajya-Sabha 6 years.


5) Age :

Age criteria For Lok-Sabha members must have completed 25 years whereas for Rajya-Sabha must have completed 30 years of age


6) Business 

The controlling Authority of Lok-Sabha is a Speaker whereas the Vice-President is ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya-Sabha.



In short 


No.
Lok-Sabha
Rjya-Sabha
1
 Lok-Sabha is not a continuous body.
  Rajya-Sabha is a continuous body and there is a rotation system.
2
  It is dissolve after every 5 years or its period may be extended in emergency or can be reduced after dissolution for any reason.
  It is not dissolved, but after every two years 1/3rd members are retired and 1/3rd are introduced.
3
  For Lok-Sabha members must have completed 25 years of age
Rajya-Sabha members must have completed 30 years of age
4
 The election of the Lok-Sabha is direct
The election of Rajya-Sabha is indirect and the President of India may nominate 12 members for Rajya-Sabha.
5
 Term of Lok-Sabha is 5 years but it can be dissolved earlier or can be extended more than 5 years
  Term of the Rajya-Sabha 6 years.
6
 The controlling Authority of Lok-Sabha is a Speaker
 Vice-President is ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya-Sabha.




 





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