Fraudulent transfer --

Introduction : --
   
      the object of the fraudulent transfer is to protect the creditor and subsequent transferee. Fraudulent transfer is voidable at the option of creditor and transferee. S. 53 consists of two parts. The first part is in respect of transfer of immovable property made with intent to defeat or delay the creditors of the transferor and second part is in respect of transfer with intent to defraud a subsequent transferee.
Fraudulent transfer S. 53 --
     
    Every transfer of immoveable property made with intent to defeat or delay creditors of the transferor shall be voidable at the option of any creditor so defeated or delayed,
and every transfer of immovable property made without consideration,with intend to defraud a subsequent transferee, is voidable at the option of such transferee.
  Thus,S.53 deals with two types of fraudulent transfers. As far the first rule is concerned, when the consideration for transfer and good faith on the part of transferee are present, the intention of the transferor to defeat or delay his creditor is immaterial. Thus,S.53 has a limited scope restricted to immoveable property and not to movable property. Moreover the benefit of this section is not restricted to existing creditors alone, but it extends to  subsequent creditors also. This section does not make the translation void-ab-initio but only voidable and that to only at the option of any person defeated delayed or defrauded.
    Under the transfer of property Act a transfer of immovable property by a debtor may be set aside by his creditor :
      A) if the transferee is not a transferee in good faith for the transferor's creditor, and
 
      B) if the transferee is not a transferee in good faith for consideration.
Exception : --
    
        A transferee from such debtor will be protected -- :
   
      A) if he acquires property for value in good faith without the knowledge of transferor's intention.
      B) if the himself is a creditor and the transfer is made in satisfaction of his pre-existing debt.
          If the creditor established that transfer was made with the     object of defeating him, the shifts on the transferee to prove ---)
 
         1) that he had paid a fair price, and
        2) that he was not a party to he fraud.

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